Quick FAQ

Dual Citizenship

Dual citizenship is when an individual holds the nationality of two different nations at the same time. 

Yes, the US allows dual citizenship. You are not required to give up your US citizenship should you become an Italian citizen. The same applies for Italy, which allows an Italian citizen to also hold citizenship of another country.

  • Travel freely to Italy and between European Union (EU) countries.
  • Affordable education. Italian and EU universities are a small fraction of the cost of US universities and Masters’ Programs are frequently available in English.
  • Work and live freely without visas in Italy and any EU country.
  • Access to Italian universal health care.

Every citizen of a country member of the EU (ie. Italy) is automatically a citizen of the EU. There is no separate EU citizenship.

All EU citizens are afforded the basic rights of being able to live, work and vote in the EU without the need for a residency permit. Also, since 2008, most European countries are members of the Schengen Agreement, allowing for free movement and travel within member states. Dual citizens are not subject to certain restrictions and enjoy the protection of the diplomatic and Consular authorities of any EU state on the same conditions as the nationals of that State. The freedom of movement afforded to dual nationals was a great benefit during the Covid-19 pandemic.

Citizenship can be pursued as long as your ascendant died on the Italian peninsula or abroad after March 17, 1861 – the founding of the Kingdom of Italy.

Foreign women who married Italian men prior to April 27, 1983, acquired Italian citizenship automatically, and may apply for recognition at the same time as the husband.

If married after that date, your spouse may apply after you have obtained Italian citizenship and the couple’s marriage has been registered in Italy.

Yes. If your partner is Italian and you are in a civil union/partnership or marriage, you may apply for Italian citizenship, provided you meet eligibility requirements. Same-sex marriages entered into outside Italy can be registered with Italian authorities and are considered valid if recognized in the country where they have been performed. 

Yes. Once you have obtained Italian citizenship, your adult children can obtain Italian citizenship by descent (jus sanguinis). Your children under 18 can be included in your application for dual citizenship.

Italian birth records can be found in the relative Italian municipality of your ancestor’s birth. With_Papers will assist in acquiring Italian birth records. 

Yes. We will assist in acquiring Italian and US genealogy records and/or naturalization records.

Yes, we provide professional Italian translations and authentication services of English documents.

1 – 3 years. The amount of time will depend on the path to citizenship which best applies to your situation and family history and whether you have minor children. Recent Italian legislation has capped response times from the Ministry of the Interior, and localized court proceedings in pre-1948 cases. The Covid-19 situation has created a series of backlogs.

Costs depend on which road to citizenship is required by your case and the number of family members applying for citizenship. With_Papers encourages families to apply together and offers family group discounts. The initial consultation with an Italian dual citizenship lawyer is free. As a rough quote, the procedure for citizenship by descent (jus sanguinis) would cost between US$6000 and US$10000, not including out-of-pocket costs. Feel free to contact us for more details.

You will not lose your US citizenship should you become an Italian citizen.

The US allows dual citizenship, the U.S. Supreme Court ruling in Kawakita vs United States (1952) that people can “have and exercise rights of nationality in two countries”.

There is no Italian language requirement if you are applying for Italian citizenship by descent (jus sanguinis) since the re-acquisition of your Italian citizenship is considered a recognition of your birthright by the Italian government. 

The language requirement is, however, a requirement for applicants of Italian citizenship by marriage or by residency. The applicant must speak and read intermediate-level Italian and pass a B1 language test.

Often when one member of the family decides to re-acquire her/his Italian citizenship by descent (jus sanguinis), other members of the family decide to join in the process. If eligibility requirements are met, carrying out the process as a group is certainly cost-and-time-effective. The advantage is that the core set of documents can be prepared for the family group. However, individual adults from the same family must make individual appointments and pay separate consular fees, and present individual birth and/or marriage certificates if applicable.

If a parent acquires Italian citizenship, this is automatically passed on to her/his minor children, who must then be registered with the relevant Italian Consulate. 

Yes. If you are not eligible for Italian citizenship through marriage, descent, maternal line, or naturalization, there are forms of resident visas which you can apply for and, if granted and maintained, afterward (in 5-10 years) you can apply for Italian citizenship. 

No. If you are an Italian/US dual citizen living in the US you can continue to file your taxes in the US as you normally do, without any additional requirements from the Italian government. Unlike the US, Italy does not tax its citizens abroad. 

Prior to September 22, 1922, US law held that women lost their citizenship by marrying a US citizen or when their husbands became US naturalized citizens.

Quick FAQS


The standard tourist visa is 90 days, which does not require any visit to the Consulate. However, after 90 days in Italy, it is necessary to leave again. 

If you want to stay for longer, there are an array of visas, the so-called digital nomad, retirement or golden visas.  

The Elective Residence Visa is specifically designed for non-European Union citizens with self-sustaining incomes. Often used for retirees that do not intend to work in Italy.

The Retirement Visa is the same as the Elective Residence Visa.

The Investor Visa for Italy is a recently newly enacted 2-year visa for non-EU citizens who invest in strategic assets for Italy’s economy and society.

The Golden Visa is the Investor Visa for Italy. This is a 2-year visa for non-EU citizens who invest in strategic assets for Italy’s economy and society.

Yes. Effective as of April 5, 2024, the digital nomad visa is for remote workers from outside the EU, hence the digital nomad moniker. Designed for professionals, the visa allows entry into Italy for up to 12 months.

This depends on the type of Visa. 

Costs depend on which visa best fits your circumstances. The initial consultation with an Italian dual citizenship lawyer is free. As a rough quote, the procedure for resident visas would start at US$3000, not including out-of-pocket costs. Feel free to contact us for more details.

Not at all. Don’t hesitate to contact us at contact@with-papers.com. We work with a range of other nationalities seeking dual Italian citizenship and speak English, Italian, French, German, Portuguese and Spanish.

Contact Us

If you would like more information on how to become a dual citizen of Italy or apply for residency in Italy, provide your basic contact details in the form below to schedule your free appointment or write us an email at contact@with-papers.com.

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